"Magistrates are not, by law, permitted to exercise cruelties at their own discretion.--From Analectic Magazine--
But of late, district magistrates, actuated by a desire to be rewarded for their activity, have felt an ardent enthusiasm to inflict torture. And though it has been repeatedly prohibited by Imperial Edicts, which they profess openly to conform to; yet they really and secretly violate them.
Whenever they apprehend persons of suspicious appearances, or those charged with great crimes, such as murder or robbery, the magistrates begin by endeavouring to seduce the prisoners to confess, and by forcing them to do so...."
What a barbaric state of affairs. Oh, that's right, we can't look down our nose at people who do that anymore.